In 1979 Lilly Ledbetter, the plaintiff, began work at the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company in its Gadsden, Alabama location. During her years at the factory, raises were given and denied based on evaluations and recommendations regarding worker performance. In March 1998, Ledbetter inquired into the possible sexual discrimination of the Goodyear Tire Company. In July she filed formal charges with the EEOC. In November 1998, after early retirement, Ledbetter sued claiming pay discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Pay Act of 1963.The Court ruled in favor of Goodyear, since she didn't file her complaint within a 180-day time frame.
Regular people like us are wondering how you can find out you're being discriminated against in 180 days, when most companies don't allow employees to discuss salary! H.R. 2831 answers that "The Ledbetter decision undermines those statutory protections by unduly restricting the time period in which victims of discrimination can challenge and recover for discriminatory compensation decisions or other practices, contrary to the intent of Congress."
The bill passed on pretty much of a straight party-line vote (225-199), with Pete Sessions joining Republicans in voting against the bill. (See Roll No. 768).